19th Amendment Anniversary: Giving Women the Right to Vote – It has been 90 years since the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified.
It started in January 9, 1918 when President Woodrow Wilson announced his support for the said amendment. Although the House of Representatives passed the amendment the next day, it became pending in Congress until October as the Senate refused to debate it.
The National Women’s Party back then made a campaign and urged citizens to vote against anti-suffrage Senators for the reelection in the 1918 midterm elections. After such movement, most members of Congress now became pro-suffrage. On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment by a vote of 304 to 89 and the Senate followed on June 4, by a vote of 56 to 25.
The amendment did not become official not until August 20, 1920 when the Tennessee General Assembly became the 36th state to ratify the amendment making it the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The official 19th amendment reads: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”
Below is a picture of the 19th amendment taken from the US National Archives: